Tamil Nadu is located alongside the coastline of Bay of Bengal with breathtaking
sights of the Western Ghats. Tamil Nadu's vivid history spans more than
2000 years into ancient times and there goes a saying the older it gets
the finer it becomes. The legacy left behind in the form of sculptures,
monuments, and art takes tourists into the virtual past that continues to
shape a dynamic present.
This state is also a home to the rare confluence of three oceans, namely
Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. A memorial is dedicated to
Swami Vivekananda here. Witness the beauty of sunrise and sunset from this
point on full moon days and search your vocabulary to explain the joy.
The Cheras, Cholas and Pandyan dynasties have left indelible marks in culture
and tradition with the grandeur of their marvellous creations. The Pandyan
legend king Kulasekhara founded the city of Madurai in 6th century BC in
a place believed to be the spot where a few drops of nectar fell from Lord
Siva’s locks. Pandyas are also associated with Madurai's older and perhaps
more absorbing and enthralling legend of the mother goddess Meenakshi.
Tamil Nadu is renowned worldwide for its excellent temple architecture by
the Chola dynasty that was the greatest builders of temples. This can be
discerned by the architectural style adopted by them, especially at the
Brihadeeswara temple in Tanjore. They also introduced Bharat Natyam, the
traditional temple dance of Tamil Nadu praising the mythological gods and
The Pallavas gained a stronghold in the northern part of Tamil Nadu around
600 AD with Kancheepuram as their capital. They went on to create world-renowned
monuments in that region, including 7th century AD Mahabalipuram with unique
sculptural panels, monolithic panels, and structural architecture and cave
temples. The beauty of this place is that all the monuments were created
out of rocks. The most famous and elegant of them are the five chariots,
the shore temple and Arjuna’s penance. Kancheepuram is called the ‘Golden
City of Temples’ with most of the heritage sites well preserved. The Chinese
traveller Huan Tsu Ang has described Kanchi extensively.
The Chola dynasty was equally versatile in temple architecture and Tanjore
is the best example. Cholas were great administrators and builders. They
had the expertise in various fields like paintings, musical instruments,
handicrafts and castings in brass and bronze.
Tamil Nadu is also famous for its saint poets including Thiruvalluvar’s
1330 couplets about morality in private and public life combined with some
of life's greatest truths. It has been translated into many foreign languages
and appreciated the world over. Tamil Nadu represents the quintessence of
Dravidian culture, temple music and art at places like Thanjavur, Tiruchirapalli
and Madurai. The Vira Chola Raja of Chidambaram (940 AD) conceived Nataraja,
the famous Dancing Shiva. Thyagaraja, who lived in the 17th century, initiated
a new genre in music – Carnatic Music. Later years saw other great poets
like the Nayanmars, the Alwars and the poet Kamban who composed the Tamil
version of great Indian epic of Ramayana.
Tamil Nadu is home to a great variety of flora and fauna at many of its
protected Sanctuaries and National Parks. The cool confines of the state
are at Ooty and Kodaikkanal. Today Tamil Nadu state is highly industrialised
and the metropolitan state capital, Chennai is now the best-sought destination
in India for its state-of-the-art health care units, IT, and biotechnology.